ETLEBORO
Taliban takes at least 100 people hostage after call for cease-fire 9m - Fox News
Latest gold, forex rates in UAE 10m - Emirates 247
Drive-by shooting at US embassy in Turkish capital, no casualties: report 9m - Fox News
Confusion reigns as Venezuela braces for release of new banknotes 20m - Arab News
Multiple Quakes Rock Indonesia's Lombok Island, 10 Dead 20m - Naharnet
Global Markets: Asia shares inch up, cautious on Sino-U.S. trade talks 17m - Reuters India
Zarif: EU not ready to 'pay the price' of defying Washington - Israel National News 22m - Gulf Times 2
Australia ditches greenhouse gas emissions target 47m - DW eng
Several gunshots fired at US embassy in Turkish capital 50m - Alarabiya eng
Britain to stop some aid for Syrian opposition in rebel-held areas 52m - Zawya
S. Koreans Head for Family Reunions in North after Decades Apart 57m - Naharnet
Gun Shops Thrive in Baghdad 1h - Al Awsat
UAE's Tabreed seeks shareholder approval to raise $1bln 1h - Zawya
Bloggers, travelers embark on expedition to Saryarka Steppe sites 1h - KazInform
Kyrgyzstan’s Development Strategy until 2040: same old goals and promises 1h - Times of Central Asia
Starbucks hosts 2nd ‘Over Coffee’ session 1h - Arab News
Netanyahu and Bolton discussions focus on Iran nuclear programme 2h - Reuters India
Tense calm on Brazil-Venezuelan border after anti-immigrant riot 2h - Reuters India
Internships offer bright future for college students 2h - China Daily
Korean families separated by war to reunite briefly after 65 years 3h - Reuters India
Muslims begin annual haj pilgrimage amid heavy rains 3h - Middle East Monitor
When you're struggling with midlife and another year older — remember this 3h - Fox News
Kerala floods: 800,000 displaced, fears of disease in camps 3h - Khaleej Times
Eid Al Adha: UAE expats away from home, but not alone 3h - Khaleej Times
AFP: Multiple quakes rock Indonesia's Lombok island, five dead 4h - Focus Information Agency
China-ASEAN trade set to soar 4h - China Daily
Westminster terror suspect Salih Khater is set to appear in court charged with attempted murder 4h - The Sun
Pak Army chief denies supporting Taliban in Ghazni siege 5h - Afghanistan News
Avenatti, mulling WH run, tells anti-Trump Dems in New Hampshire to 'fight fire with fire' 5h - Fox News
Iran finance minister target of impeachment proceedings as sanctions bite 5h - Middle East Eye
FaceOf: Dr. Hussein bin Abdul Aziz Al-Asheikh, imam at Prophet’s Mosque and high court judge 6h - Arab News
Greater Bay Area an exciting story for China 6h - China Daily
Soldiers killed in 1988 by IRA bomb given memorial 7h - The Times
Former CIA chief John Brennan threatens to sue Trump over security clearances 7h - The Times
Michael Cohen Under Federal Investigation For Bank Fraud Totaling "Well Over $20 Million" 7h - Zero Hedge
Pompeo praises possible Afghani, Taliban ceasefire 7h - Breaking the News
Afghanistan president calls for Taliban cease-fire to mark Eid holiday 7h - Fox News
'Truth isn't truth': Giuliani trumps 'alternative facts' with new Orwellian outburst 8h - The Guardian
Zamzam that transformed Makkah’s arid landscape 8h - Arab News
White sea of humanity surge to Arafat at climax of Haj 8h - Saudi Gazette
'Crazy Rich Asians' sparkles at N.America box office 8h - Qatar Tribune
What is the national goal of Jordan? 9h - Jordan Times
What’s holding back Brazil? 9h - Jordan Times
Missionary thrust to the centre of Turkey-US crisis 9h - Jordan Times
Italy threatens to send stranded migrants ‘back to Libya’ 9h - Jordan Times
US forces to stay in Iraq as long as needed — spokesman 9h - Jordan Times
Top Trump adviser arrives for talks in Israel 9h - Jordan Times
Iran to unveil new fighter jet, develop missiles — minister 9h - Jordan Times
The only viable path 9h - Jordan Times
Pilgrims assemble in Arafat today 9h - Arab News
Saudi telecoms company offers 1 GB free for users on the days of Tarwiya and Arafat 10h - Arab News
Iran: No OPEC member can take over its share 11h - Kuwait Times
Catholics consider withholding donations amid scandals 11h - Fox News
UAE’s humanitarian approach ingrained in its foreign policy 11h - WAM
Saudi Arabia's Disabled Children’s Association continues campaign to complete ‘Khair Makkah’ project 12h - Arab News
John Brennan threatens to sue Trump over stripped security clearance 12h - The Guardian
Tough talks, no agreements at Merkel, Putin meeting near Berlin 12h - LBCI
"You Put Your Politics Before Us" - Benghazi Survivor Lashes Out At Brennan As Former CIA Boss Says 'May Sue Trump' 13h - Zero Hedge
Sunny Varkey commits AED5 million to UAE committee for relief and rehabilitation work in Kerala 13h - WAM
Surrealist exhibition celebrates 'goofiest couple in art' 14h - The Guardian
Greek bailout ends, but fears remain for eurozone debt 15h - France24
Iran to unveil new fighter jet and develop missiles 15h - France24
Migration: Italian minister wants sanctions against Malta 16h - MaltaToday
Former UN chief Kofi Annan hailed as 'a guiding force for good' 16h - IOL News
Dubai Cares distributes 50,000 school kits to Syrian children in Jordan 16h - WAM
UAE stands by our friends in Kerala: Ambassador to India 17h - Khaleej Times
Indian media hails UAE’s support for Kerala flood victims 18h - Gulf News
More than 108,000 benefit from UAE’s aid projects in Iraq 18h - Gulf News
Vroom! Indonesia president a hit on social media after motorbike stunt 18h - Reuters
German prosecutors probe Yazidi woman’s claim about IS man 19h - An-Nahar TV
Turkey's Erdogan vows country will not be cowed by US 20h - France24
'Liberty or Death' gun-rights rally draws counter-protesters, forcing police to keep the peace 20h - Fox News
Syrian Army takes the fight to ISIS at large mountain in east Sweida (video) 20h - Al-Masdar News
UK tycoon gives £1m to campaign for second Brexit vote 20h - Gulf News
Higher BMI may increase your BP as well 20h - Qatar Tribune
Sunday Outlook: Turkish lira drops again on Friday, U.S.-China trade talks limit global market losses 23h - Zawya
Ex-CIA Director John Brennan: Trump is 'drunk on power' 23h - El-Balad
Promises, promises, Imran Khan raises Pakistani hopes sky high 1d - Zawya
Where to watch Eid Al Adha fireworks in UAE 1d - Khaleej Times
No Agreements at Merkel, Putin Meeting near Berlin 1d - Tasnim News Agency
China renews orange alert for rainstorms 1d - Xinhuanet
As Philippines' Duterte starts to flag, his daughter reaches out to a Marcos 1d - Zawya
SRI: Many Romanian banks under cyber attack this summer 1d - Business-review
Chinese President Xi to visit North Korea next month - Straits Times 1d - Zawya
Sharjah tourism sector contributes $2.45bln to GDP 1d - Zawya
'Dream or reality?' Koreans to meet after decades apart 1d - Fox News
More US sanctions on Myanmar for rights abuses 1d - Arab News
August 19. Kazinform's timeline of major events 1d - KazInform
Brazilians attack Venezuelan immigrants in border town 1d - Fox News
Movement encourages Argentines to quit Catholic church 1d - Fox News
Boris Johnson’s Facebook page flooded with hundreds of anti-Islam hate comments after burka row 1d - The Sun
Kofi Annan, UN’s ‘guiding force for good’, dies at 80 1d - The Times
Trump: I allowed McGhan to talk to Mueller 1d - Breaking the News
Qatar accuses Saudis of barring Hajj pilgrims, which Riyadh denies 1d - Middle East Eye
Police injured as far-right, anti-Nazi activists clash in Berlin 1d - Jordan Times
Yemen’s southern separatists attack military academy in Aden 1d - Jordan Times
US raises $300 million from allies for Syria stabilisation 1d - Jordan Times
Arab torch of unity ignitable when democracy rules Arab world 1d - Jordan Times
What next in Syria’s Idlib? 1d - Jordan Times
Merkel reveals agenda of Putin talks 1d - News
Kerala flood: Dubai residents collect 5,000kg of aid supplies for victims 1d - Khaleej Times
Yemeni ambassador commends UAE's 'time-honoured humanitarian legacy' 1d - WAM
Everything Must be Done for Refugees to Return to Syria: Putin 1d - Al Manar
US Launching ‘Attempted Economic Coup’ against Ankara: Erdogan 1d - Al Manar
Strategic achievements reinforce Aramco's leading role in the world's energy supplyRelated NewsComments. 1d - Al Riyadh
Sex scandals fester at unhealthy organizations, experts say 1d - Fox News
VP attends Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum UK Endurance Festival 1d - WAM
Trump and China need a route away from trade war 1d - Arab News
Italy mourns victims of Genoa bridge collapse with state funeral 1d - Reuters India
Far right, anti-fascists protest in Finland a year after knife attack 1d - Reuters
SEARCH: washington has lured eu into anti china trade front
ichef.bbci.co.uk
Stolen car hits pedestrian during Old Swan police chase
3m - BBC

A pedestrian has been hit by a stolen car during a police pursuit in Liverpool. The person was hit on Prescot Road in Old Swan at about 16:00 BST on Sunday and taken to hospital with injuries not believed to be life-threatening. The car hit a second

www.ekathimerini.com
ESM: Greece exits final bailout successfully | Kathimerini
5m - Ekathimerini

Greece has successfully exited its final, three-year bailout program, agreed in August 2015 to help it cope with the continued fallout from a debt crisis, the eurozone’s ESM rescue fund said on Monday. “Today we can safely conclude the ESM program w

static.gulfnews.com
Don’t exchange Eid greetings while driving, say Dubai Police
5m - Gulf News

Dubai, Ajman beef up security and traffic patrols for Eid Dubai: The police have urged motorists to avoid exchanging Eid greetings on mobile phones while driving, as it can dangerous. Speaking to Gulf News, a top Dubai Police official reiterated the

aawsat.com
Salih Khater Charged with Attempted Murder in UK Parliament Crash
5m - Al Awsat

Sudanese-born British national Salih Khater has been charged with two counts of attempted murder and will appear in court on Monday after he crashed his car into the security barriers surrounding Britain's Houses of Parliament last week. Khater will

www.balkaninsight.com
Life under Surveillance: An American in Communist Romania
6m - BalkanInsight

When Katherine Verdery arrived in Romania in 1973 to research property and collectivisation for her anthropology doctorate she was told she might be under surveillance by the country’s infamous Securitate, the Communist political police. But she say

www.parliament.ge
The Human Rights and Civil Integration Committee assessed the spring session and discussed the future plans
6m - Parliament of Georgia

The Committee discussed the action plan and autumn session plans at the 2-day meeting. MPs summed up the spring session activities and estimated their compliance with the Committee action plan. The activity covered: social reform, changes to the Chi

tvdownloaddw-a.akamaihd.net
Fresh losses for the lira, and some Turks shrug
10m - DW eng

The Turkish lira has taken another plunge, following a brief midweek recovery. The dollar and the euro both gained around 5 percent against the lira on Friday.

www.dw.com
Are we seeing the end of the You economy?
10m - DW eng

New York has tightened its regulation of ride-hailing services such as Uber and other competitors. What will that mean for the so-called You economy? DW correspondent Anne Schwedt is looking for answers. It's a few minutes shy of 8pm in the New York

www.arabnews.com
Myanmar verdict in Reuters reporters’ case on Aug 27 — judge
11m - Arab News

YANGON: The judge in the trial of two Reuters reporters jailed in Myanmar on accusations of obtaining secret state documents said on Monday he will deliver his verdict on August 27, in a case that is seen as a test of press freedom in the fledgling

images.khaleejtimes.com
Kerala floods: UAE-based teacher shifted four refugee camps in 24 hours
12m - Khaleej Times

Manju Manoj spoke about her traumatic experiences and said she is anxious for her family's future. Accompanied by a 48-day-year-old baby and aged parents, an Ajman-based teacher and victim of the Kerala floods, was shifted from four refugee camps in

www.inform.kz
Nursultan Nazarbayev offers condolences over Kofi Annan's death
15m - KazInform

ASTANA. KAZINFORM - Expressing his sympathy over the death of former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev has sent a telegram of condolences to his family and friends, Kazinform cites the pres

www.almasdarnews.com
Syrian Army watches as jihadist rebels build trenches across southern Idlib (video)
16m - Al-Masdar News

BEIRUT, LEBANON (8:30 A.M.) – The jihadist rebels in the southern countryside of the Idlib Governorate have been busy as of late building trenches across the provincial border of the Hama Governorate. The Syrian Arab Army (SAA) watched from afar thi

english.almanar.com.lb
Iranians Will Never Allow another US-Led Coup: Zarif
19m - Al Manar

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said the Iranian nation will never again allow Washington to launch a coup against their government and overthrow it with the help of London like the one orchestrated in August 1953. “65 years ago today,

news.am
Heavy rains create emergency situation in Armenia’s Armavir Province
19m - News

An emergency situation has been created in Shenik, Karakert, and Dalarik villages of Armenia’s Armavir Province, and due to heavy rains, informed the information and public relations department of the Armavir provincial hall. The water channel passi

www.arabnews.com
Confusion reigns as Venezuela braces for release of new banknotes
20m - Arab News

CARACAS: Beleaguered Venezuelans braced Monday for the rollout of President Nicolas Maduro’s radical new plan to curb the spiraling hyperinflation that has thrown their oil-rich, cash-poor nation into turmoil. Caracas is issuing new banknotes after

Iran to unveil new fighter jet, develop missiles
22m - Gulf Times 2

New Gulf Times Home Business Europe Asia Middle East USA Africa Sports Football Formula 1 Basketball Tennis Golf International Usa Asia Europe Africa Australia Culture Opinion Entertainment Contact Home Business Europe Asia Middle East USA Africa Sp

Zarif: EU not ready to 'pay the price' of defying Washington - Israel National News
22m - Gulf Times 2

New Gulf Times Home Business Europe Asia Middle East USA Africa Sports Football Formula 1 Basketball Tennis Golf International Usa Asia Europe Africa Australia Culture Opinion Entertainment Contact Home Business Europe Asia Middle East USA Africa Sp

image.iol.co.za
PICS: Over 2 million Muslims brave stormy weather to begin Hajj pilgrimage
23m - IOL News

Muslim pilgrims circle around the Kaaba, the cubic building at the Grand Mosque, ahead of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, in the Muslim holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Picture: Dar Yasin/APMuslim pilgrims walk towards Namirah mosque on Arafat Mountain

aawsat.com
Iranian Criticism to Europe’s Hesitation in Protecting Nuclear Deal
23m - Al Awsat

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Sunday that European countries have failed to present an action plan following fresh US sanctions on Tehran. “The Europeans have so far expressed their stance, but have failed to present an action pl

images.khaleejtimes.com
Gunshots fired at US embassy in Turkish capital
25m - Khaleej Times

The embassy was set to be closed this week for a public holiday to mark the Eid Al Adha festival. Several gunshots were fired from a vehicle at the US embassy in the Turkish capital, Ankara, on Monday, hitting a window in a security cabin but causin

images.khaleejtimes.com
Video: Commercial flights to Kochi resume from naval base
30m - Khaleej Times

It is after 18 years that civil air services resumed at the naval base. The first commercial flight landed at the naval base in Kochi on Monday, which has been opened up the Indian Navy for commercial operations. And the first civilian flight lands

images0.naharnet.com
Report: Russia Relies on Lebanon to ‘Spark’ Refugees’ Return
31m - Naharnet

A month after the launch of the Russian plan to repatriate Syrian refugees in Lebanon back to their homeland, Moscow hopes that the process will gather momentum after the scheduled talks on Monday between caretaker Foreign Minister Jebran Basil and

d2l2idrff2c2gb.cloudfront.net
Belarus reports 4.4% y/y GDP growth in January-July
36m - Bne intellinews

Belarus' GDP grew by 4.4% year-on-year in January-July, following a 4.5% y/y growth in the first half of the year, and a 4.7% y/y growth in January-May, according to the national statistics agency Belstat. The Belarusian economy is recovering well o

news.am
Bolton: US concerned about China, North Korea and Iran possible meddling in 2018 midterm elections
39m - News

National Security Adviser John Bolton said Russia is only one of four countries that could potentially try to interfere in the 2018 US midterm elections. In an exclusive interview with ABC News, Bolton said the US is also concerned about possible el

www.arabnews.com
Shots fired at gate of US Embassy in Turkey, but no one hurt
43m - Arab News

ISTANBUL: Turkish media reports say shots were fired at a security booth outside the US Embassy in the capital, Ankara. Private Ihlas news agency said four to five rounds were fired from a moving white car and targeted security booth outside Gate 6

image.iol.co.za
Buthelezi to ANC: If you want me to have a peaceful death, renew my membership
43m - IOL News

Cape Town - Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi wants to reconcile with the ANC so badly that he gets angry when ruling party MPs mock him about it in Parliament. On Sunday Buthelezi, who will be turning 90 on August 27, said he

aawsat.com
Thirsty Emo Birds Flock to Australian Town to Flee Increased Drought
43m - Al Awsat

Australia’s worst drought in a generation is driving flocks of emus into an outback mining town in a desperate hunt for food and water, an animal rescue unit in the town of Broken Hill said. The large, flightless birds are sometimes sighted in the t

www.thenational.ae
After a bruising eight years, Greece finally exits bailout programme
46m - The National

Greece has now returned to growth but households continue to feel the effects of unpopular and stinging austerity Greece has successfully exited its final, three-year bailout programme, agreed in August 2015 to help it cope with the continued fallou

www.dw.com
Hajj begins amid Qatar-Saudi tensions and Egypt's economic woes
47m - DW eng

The six-day Muslim pilgrimage known as the hajj welcomed 1.6 million Muslims as relations between Qatar and Saudi Arabia remain tense. Many Egyptians have been unable to afford the journey as the economy splutters. Qatar accused Saudi Arabia of bloc

www.dw.com
Germany's planned immigration law – what you need to know
47m - DW eng

Germany has a "key-point" plan for a new immigration law to fill its desperate shortage of skilled workers. But what will the proposed law entail – and how will it compare to systems in other countries? The German government is preparing a new immig

www.dw.com
Australia ditches greenhouse gas emissions target
47m - DW eng

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's decision to drop the emissions target has been seen as an attempt to keep his job. It comes as some lawmakers are urging another minister to challenge the leadership. Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Tu

www.dw.com
Australian teen hacks into Apple's main network
47m - DW eng

Hacking by an Australian teenager into Apple's main network has prompted the Californian computer giant to reassure customers that their data was not compromised. The teen is due for sentencing in Melbourne next month. An Apple spokesman in San Fran

www.dw.com
Genoa bridge collapse search operation ends, death toll rises
47m - DW eng

The bodies of a family of three, an Italian-Jamaican couple and their daughter, were found in their badly crushed car. The Morandi Bridge collapsed on Tuesday, killing 43 people. The search operation for those missing after a motorway bridge collaps

www.dw.com
SPD's Andrea Nahles says Germany may give aid to Turkey
47m - DW eng

Ahead of Turkish President Erdogan's trip to Germany in September, the SPD's Andrea Nahles has said German aid is a possibility. It comes as tensions between the US and Turkey rise over the house arrest of a US pastor. The head of Germany's Social D

www.dw.com
Istanbul locals feeling the pinch of Turkey's economic crisis
47m - DW eng

The fallout from Turkey's economic crisis may have eased somewhat, but the worst of it does not appear to be over. As DW's Gunnar Köhne reports, it is the country's poor who are being hit hardest. "We are doing well, we can't complain," says the own

www.dw.com
Greece exits bailout: Is the Greek economy strong enough?
47m - DW eng

Greece will exit its stability program on Monday. How has the Greek economy developed since austerity was imposed in 2010? And is Greece prepared to meet the budgetary targets? A data analysis provides answers. Greece's government debt is more than

www.dw.com
War and fuel: Angela Merkel's headaches in Russia talks
47m - DW eng

Vladimir Putin is meeting Merkel outside Berlin on Saturday to discuss Syria, Ukraine and the Nord Stream 2 pipeline with Angela Merkel. But what can the two seasoned leaders hope to say that they haven't said before? Angela Merkel and Vladimir Puti

www.dw.com
Greece ends EU aid dependency as bailout formally ends
47m - DW eng

Germany's Finance Minister Olaf Scholz called the Greek bailout a success and a sign of EU solidarity. But the country still faces decades of debt repayment and economic recovery. Greece no longer depends on European Union aid after formally exiting

www.dw.com
Opinion: Post-austerity, Greece gets a second chance
47m - DW eng

The EU lent Greece the funds to keep it from bankruptcy. Austerity was a harsh process that was often unfair — but lenders saw no real alternative. Tuesday marks the start of a new experiment, DW's Bernd Riegert writes. Despite all the mistakes that

images.khaleejtimes.com
Video: Flights to Kochi resume from naval base
49m - Khaleej Times

It is after 18 years that civil air services resumed at the naval base. The first commercial flight landed at the naval base in Kochi on Monday, which has been opened up the Indian Navy for commercial operations. And the first civilian flight lands

www.arabnews.com
Quake swarm jolts Indonesian islands, killing at least 13
49m - Arab News

SEMBALUN, Indonesia: Multiple strong earthquakes killed at least a dozen people on the Indonesian islands of Lombok and Sumbawa as the region was trying to recover from a temblor earlier this month that killed hundreds of people. A shallow magnitude

www.thenational.ae
Woman rescued after treading water for 10 hours in the Adriatic Sea
52m - The National

Briton discovered exhausted after falling off the back of a cruise ship A British woman was rescued in the Adriatic Sea off Croatia on Sunday after spending 10 hours in the sea after falling off the back of a cruise ship. The woman, who has not been

images0.naharnet.com
Greece Leaves Bailouts behind after Biting Austerity
58m - Naharnet

After years of tough austerity measures, Greece emerges on Monday from its third and last bailout, although officials warn the country still has a "long way to go". The European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund lo

images0.naharnet.com
Business Economists Say Trump Tariffs Will Harm U.S., Survey Says
58m - Naharnet

Business economists overwhelmingly worry President Donald Trump's trade wars will harm the US economy, according to a survey released Monday. The Trump administration on Thursday is due to impose its latest round of punitive tariffs on China, puttin

www.agerpres.ro
President Klaus Iohannis: Kofi Annan - visionary leader whose efforts to reform UN will not..
1h - Agerpres

Bucharest, Aug 18 /Agerpres/ - Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan was a visionary leader whose efforts to reform the UN will not be forgotten, President Klaus Iohannis stressed on Saturday. "We lost Kofi Annan today, former UN Secretary General

ichef.bbci.co.uk
Bank of England chief economist warns on AI jobs threat
1h - BBC

The chief economist of the Bank of England has warned that the UK will need a skills revolution to avoid "large swathes" of people becoming "technologically unemployed" as artificial intelligence makes many jobs obsolete. Andy Haldane said the possi

business-review.eu
Greece completes bailout programme, but its economy still faces challenges
1h - Business-review

Greece has successfully completed a three-year eurozone bailout programme designed to help it cope with the fallout caused by its debt crisis, the BBC reports. The end of the programme means that Greece is now allowed to borrow money on the financia

www.arabnews.com
US firms warn next China tariffs to cost Americans from cradle to grave
1h - Arab News

WASHINGTON: A broad cross-section of US businesses has a message for the Trump administration: new tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports will force Americans to pay more for items they use throughout their daily lives, from cradles to coffins.

www.arabnews.com
China, Malaysia to push forward bilateral ties
1h - Arab News

BEIJING: China’s Premier Li Keqiang said on Monday his government is willing to promote bilateral ties and economic cooperation with Malaysia as Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad visited China to discuss trade and investment.The agreements r

aawsat.com
Gun Shops Thrive in Baghdad
1h - Al Awsat

In the middle of Baghdad's busy commercial neighborhood of Karrada, where most retail outlets sell home appliances, shoppers can now also buy handguns and semi-automatic rifles legally for the first time in decades. After the toppling of Saddam Huss